The Greek Revival style became popular in the United States shortly after the War of 1812, when resentment towards the British lingered. The style evoked a spirit of democracy and communicated an awakening interest in the art and culture of ancient Greece. Before its appeal spread to homes throughout the Eastern and Southeastern United States, Greek Revival was initially a choice for public buildings such as courthouses and schools. Greek Revival became a popular architectural style in America from 1825-1860 and was even referred to as the “national” style because of its predominance.
Some common elements of Greek Revival style:
- Tall columns and pediments
- Entry porch with columns
- Elaborate door surrounds
- Horizontal transom over the front door
- Narrow windows around front door
- Bold, simple moldings
- Low pitched roof
- Symmetrical shape
Gothic Revival and Italianate styles replaced the Greek Revival style in the later years of the 19th century. Gable-fronted homes throughout American are a lasting legacy of the style, which was simplified and translated nationwide.
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